A dog of extraordinary intelligence, the Collie is a herding breed that makes an excellent leader and can quickly detect trouble. These highly trainable pups should be socialized at an early age and taught positive methods; Collies in particular make excellent companions for children due to their friendly personalities and playful dispositions.

Pet parents often opt for the Collie as they require little maintenance and can live comfortably in both urban and rural environments if given daily exercise. Collies love to run and play outside, but also take pleasure in taking leisurely walks around the neighborhood; thus, be sure to give them plenty of opportunities for physical activity.

Medium-sized Collie dogs feature pointed snouts and can be either smooth or rough-coated. Color options range from sable (think Lassie), tricolor (black with white markings and tan shadings), and white or blue merle. No matter which option you opt for – rough coat or smooth – both require regular brushing to prevent matting and keep their coats clean.

When adopting a Colllie from a shelter or rescue group, be sure to inquire about its health history and any known issues. Be on the lookout for conditions common among Collies, such as hip dysplasia and cataracts, which are relatively easy to spot.

Some of these health conditions can be serious, so it’s essential to get your Collie checked out by the vet as soon as you bring him home. In addition to routine vet visits, continue monitoring your dog for signs of illness or injury – especially during hot weather.

Collie Eye Issues
Collies’ eyes are highly sensitive and vulnerable to damage from light sources. In addition, many Collies develop Progressive Retinal Atrophy or PRA – which destroys the retina over time – leading to night blindness or daytime vision loss in some dogs, though most adjust well if kept in an environment with similar lighting levels. This condition may cause night blindness or daytime vision loss depending on its severity; however, most can adapt well if their environment remains unchanged.

This autoimmune disease causes inflammation and redness on the skin which can be painful. It’s inherited and treated with medication; however, it tends to affect any area of the body but is most common on feet and legs but may also affect the chest or abdomen.

Pemphigus Foliaceous
This autoimmune disorder is inherited and causes hair loss and crusty skin on the nose and ears, usually on top of or inside of ear flaps. It’s treated with corticosteroids.

Ears and Nails
Collie dog’s ears should be examined weekly for wax buildup, ear infections, or abnormalities. They should also have their nails clipped once a month and cleaned with a cotton ball dampened in pH-balanced ear cleaner to prevent infections and odor.

Teeth and Gums
Brush the teeth of a Collie at least twice weekly. Additionally, use dental chews to help remove tartar and plaque buildup.